Impressions from the UN climate summit in Warsaw
Journalists from all over the world come to Warsaw to report on what is happening at the 19th climate conference. In a short interview four of them describe their impressions.
What are the most pressing climate issues in your home country? Are those issues addressed at all in this conference?
Giuliana Miranda, Brazil: The intensification of the extreme weather events is a hot topic in Brazil. As presented in the last World Meteorological Organization report, released earlier this week here in Warsaw, the water cycle has already changed in my country. We are facing severe drought in several parts of the the territory, specially the northeast and in central Brazil. Fortunately, the subject is being discussed here, but it doesn’t mean we are getting closer to a solution.
Jessly Obando, Nicaragua: Diseases related to climate change. There really is not as much information as I would like, especially in the Central American region.
Esteban Bonco Lugo Perea, Colombia: Carbon market projects, which so far have been addressed but not specifically about my country or the region.
Nivedita Khandekar, India: India may not need finance but it is taking up cudgels on behalf of the developing countries. Emission reduction is an issue and I am confident our negotiators are not going to budge to the demands of rich countries. Also, India has successfully managed to remain out of the trap – and also lead all developing countries – where rich countries wanted poor countries to include agriculture and cattle related emissions.
Bhrikuti Rai, Nepal: This year’s delegation focuses mainly on financing for the national adaptation plan and pushing for the loss and damage in every platform. However, the pressing climate issues remain: dealing with erratic rainfall, melting glaciers and the risk of glacier lake outburst flooding and most importantly dealing with the aftermath of theses kind of disasters. But during this COP, these issues will likely be lost in technical jargon which is more related to the financial aspects.
How is the performance of your Delegation so far? Do they try to solve the problems or are they part of the problems?
Giuliana Miranda, Brazil: Brazil kept a team of very experienced delegates during the last meetings, but for various reasons, the main representatives of the delegation have changed in 2013, including the chief negotiator. He might have faced some scepticism at the beginning, but seems to be doing a good job. The Brazilian proposal to look at the historical responsibility for global warming is now a position for the entire G77 group and China.
Jessly Obando, Nicaragua: Well, so far they have only been devoted to criticizing, but I see that they are now contributing to a change.
Esteban Bonco Lugo Perea, Colombia: After speaking to the chief negotiator of my delegation, I must say the government has good intentions and is doing everything it can to have as best an outcome as possible.
Nivedita Khandekar, India: They are very good negotiators. Not just for India, they have been successfully doing it for a whole lot of developing countries too.
Bhrikuti Rai, Nepal: Although Nepal chairs the group of least developed countries and it has made its presence comparatively visible compared to other COPs, the Nepali delegation doesn’t seem to be taking advantage of the new found visibility. From the meetings I have been to it is clear that the members of the core negotiating team are the biggest drawback when it comes to addressing the problems, most of them aren’t even from the government and even if they are they are not from the departments concerned, so their presentation so far has been very superficial without really getting to the heart of the matter.
What do you think of the UN Climate Summit in Warsaw in general? Is it just a talk shop or a chance for real action?
Giuliana Miranda, Brazil: I think the parties do have a chance to start to make a difference here. We know this conference will not produce any kind of revolutionary agreement, but it’s a chance to set the basis for achieving commitments [at the UN climate summit] in Paris in 2015.
Jessly Obando, Nicaragua: I think they have the power to decide but not the will and those who really want change are seen as fanatics. In the first week I was disappointed and I truly hope that this week will see something more concrete.
Esteban Bonco Lugo Perea, Colombia: It must be an opportunity for action. The world will not forgive otherwise.
Nivedita Khandekar, India: The COP19 at the end of its first week does look like it is going to be only talk, talk and more talk. The rich nations, especially the USA, seem in no mood to work out a deal. But as Christiana Figueres, the COP executive secretary, said today, there is still time for hope. Fingers crossed.
Bhrikuti Rai, Nepal: I think UN Climate Summits help put on the table many pertinent climate issues but the fact that the bigger economies have the most say in these talks and they are the ones really steering the direction of the entire summit, the chance for real action is missed somewhere along the line when these countries decide to backslide on the commitments and pledges. The summit in Warsaw still has a week to go so it still cannot be said how the talks are going to turn, but the fact that the host country itself does not seem very keen to steer away from cheap fossil fuels, means that it is likely that the bigger economies might yet again postpone dealing with the pressing issues until next year.
DateNovember 18, 2013
Tagsclimate change, climate summit, conference, cop19, impressions, journalists, participants, UN, warsaw